INTRODUCTION -- Simulating a COSY Experiment

Assuming that you have installed VNMR according to the Installation Instructions and managed to launch the program from the command line in Matlab (just type vsnmr and press return), this page will give explicit step-by-step instructions for running a simple COrrelation SpectroscopY (COSY) experiment on a 2-spin system. Once you are comfortable with using the program as explained here, try experimenting with more complex spin systems or new experiments. Additional examples can be found in the Tutorial

--STEP 1--

When you typed
>> vsnmr
a new window like this one should have appeared (the actual colors and fond sizes could depend on screen settings for your computer):
  This is the main console of the virtual spectrometer. From this window one can access all of the modules and data entry windows.

--STEP 2--
Now click the Spin Setup button.

When you press the Spin Setup button, the following window should appear:
Although this window contains many buttons and options, we will use only a few of them at this time. By default, the nuclei are protons, as appropriate to this experiment. (Later, in other experiments we will introduce other nuclei into our spin system.)

Now the Spin Setup Window should look like this:

Click on the CLOSE button to close the Spin Setup window.
--STEP 3--

The next step is to select an appropriate experimental pulse sequence. For this demonstration we will use the cosytp program located in the vs_pp directory.

First you must locate the vs_pp directory.
By default, you should be in this directory after starting VNMR (The current directory is indicated in the "current dir" line).
If you are not in this directory or if your pulse program is in a different directory, follow these steps: Now scroll through the list of pulse programs in the window below the one you just used to select the PULSE program. Select the cosytp pulse program by clicking it (use a single click!).

Now click the xlate button in the lower left of the Main Window.
Once the pulse program has been translated into a MATLAB script that the virtual spectrometer can execute, the ZG button that initiates the simulation turns green, indicating that the spectrometer is ready to proceed. The pulse program name should appear in in the "pulse program" line.
The Main pannel should now look like this:

--STEP 4--
Now is a good time to adjust the acqusition parameters for the pulse program we have chosen. Click on the program parameters button that appears just below the Spin Setup button. The following window should open:
The simulation cannot proceed if any of the parameters has a NaN value (i.e. is unassigned). Therefore enter the following values:

Although a detailed understanding of the reasons for these changes is not necessary to run the present experiment, the following explanation may be helpful for future simulations. In this version of the COSY experiment, the pulse designated p0 can be of some angle less than 90 degrees; the value entered earlier simply makes this a 90 degree pulse (you can also type ex.p90c(1) or 10u here). You can experiment with other values. The recycling delay d1 is set to 1 sec, allowing plenty of time for the system to relax to equilibrium. The value of nd0 must be set to 2 for all experiments that use TPPI processing for t1 frequency discrimination. (A more detailed explanation of the reason for this may be found in the NMR textbooks or in the data processing tutorial (currently not available).)

Now the Program Parameters Window should look like this:

Click on the CLOSE button to close the window.
--STEP 5--

The final step before running the simulation is to set the carrier feequency for the 1H channel and the desired spectral resolution.

Click on the experimental setup button in the Main pannel. Set the following values:

(the appropriate edit boxes are in the middle and at the bottom of the Experimental Setup window.) The resolution of the final spectrum will be equal in the t1 and t2 directions after processing to achieve quadrature detection in t1.

Make sure that the "dimension" of the experiment is set to 2D.

Click on the CLOSE button to close the window.

--STEP 6--

Start the simulation by clicking the green ZG button on the Main simulation panel. The simulator's progress will be displayed as the numerator in the Progress counter box just below the ZG button.

--STEP 7--
The simulation will finish when the current increment number shown in the numerator of the Progress box reaches the max. number shown in the denominator. This simulation takes about 3 seconds on a 350MHz P-II. Click on the Data Processing button, and the following data processing window appear:

The spectrum should appear like this:

If the spectrum you obtained is similar to the one shown above, you have successfully completed the introductory VNMR tour. Now you are ready to experiment with the Virtual NMR Spectrometer. CONGRATULATIONS!

3D View

You can also click the 3D-View button on the bottom of the spectrum window to see a 3-dimensional representation of the spectrum (see the 3D plot below). Select the "Rotate 3D" Matlab button to rotate this plot in three dimensions.

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This introductory tour was designed by Peter Nicholas. Last modification by David Fushman 12/25/2003.
(c) Copyright 2003 by David Fushman, University of Maryland.